Bad sprains may cause damage to the calcanao-fibula ligament which is further back towards the back of the heel. Damage may also be done to tendons, bone and other joint tissues.
There are 3 categories of sprained ankle depending on severity
First degree ankle sprain:
- Some stretching or perhaps tearing of the lateral ankle ligaments.
- Little or no joint instability.
- Mild pain
- Little or no swelling swelling
- Some joint stiffness or difficulty walking or running.
Second degree ankle sprain:
- Some tearing of the ligament fibres.
- Moderate instability of the joint.
- Moderate to severe pain and difficulty walking.
- Swelling and stiffness in the ankle joint.
- Total rupture of a ligament.
- Gross instability of the joint.
- Severe pain initially followed by no pain
- Severe swelling
- Cold Therapy - can help to ease pain, reduce swelling and bleeding, and encourage blood flow (when used later).
- Ankle Braces - help to protect and stabilize the ankle, reducing the risk of further injury
- Zinc Oxide Tape - tape can be used as an alternative to an ankle brace, to support and protect the ankle.
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